Henry Alleyne Nicholson

Henry Alleyne Nicholson (* 11. September 1844 in Penrith (Cumbria); † 19. Januar 1899 in Aberdeen) war ein britischer Zoologe und Paläontologe.

Nicholson, der Sohn des Theologen John Nicholson, studierte an der Universität Göttingen, an der er bei Wilhelm Moritz Keferstein in Zoologie promoviert wurde (Dr. phil.), und an der University of Edinburgh, an der er 1866 seinen Bachelor-Abschluss erhielt, 1867 nochmals in Geologie promovierte (D. Sc.). Seine Dissertation war über die Geologie von Cumberland und Westmorland, seiner Heimatregion, für die er die Goldmedaille der Universität erhielt. Im gleichen Jahr erhielt er seinen Bachelor-Abschluss in Medizin und einen Master-Abschluss in Chirurgie und 1869 promovierte er in Medizin (M.D.). Danach lehrte er Naturgeschichte an einer Mediziner-Akademie in Edinburgh. 1871 wurde er Professor für Naturgeschichte an der Universität Toronto, 1874 Biologieprofessor am Durham College, 1875 Professor für Naturgeschichte an der University of St. Andrews und 1882 Regius Professor für Naturgeschichte an der University of Aberdeen.

Neben Lehrbüchern der Zoologie und Paläontologie schrieb er ein populärwissenschaftliches Buch über Paläontologie. Als Paläontologe befasste er sich insbesondere mit Graptolithen, Stromatolithen und Korallen und forschte viel im Lake District (mit Robert Harkness, John Edward Marr).

1888 erhielt er die Lyell Medal und 1867 wurde er Fellow der Geological Society of London. 1897 wurde er Fellow der Royal Society und er war Fellow der Linnean Society.

New Zealands fortjenstorden

New Zealands fortjenstorden (engelsk: New Zealand Order of Merit, maorisk: Tohu Hiranga O Aotearoa) er en newzealandsk orden innstiftet 30. mai 1996 av dronning Elisabeth II av New Zealand til belønning av fortjenstfullt innsats for kronen og nasjonen eller av dem som gjennom fremragende innsats har utmerket seg på annen måte. Utenlandske borgere kan også utnevnes til ordenen. Ordenen rangerer etter New Zealand-ordenen, men foran Dronningens tjenesteorden. I motsetning til disse to ordenene er New Zealands fortjenstorden forbundet med adelskap og titler for de to høyeste gradene. Dronningen er ordensherre, mens New Zealands generalguvernør er ordenskansler.  

New Zealands fortjenstorden er inndelt i fem grader:

Den som utnevnes til ordenen har rett til å føre forkortelsen for den aktuelle grad bak sitt navn. De to øverste grader medfører for newzealendere adelskap med titlene dame og ridder. Med disse følger retten til å føre tiltaleformen Dame eller Sir foran navnet. I 1999 avskaffet den daværende arbeiderpartiregjeringen ledet av statsminister Helen Clark adelstitlene forbundet med ordenens øverste grader. Mellom 2000 og 2008 var de to øverste betegnelsene på de to øverste gradene derfor annerledes. Øverste grad ble kalt første følgesvenn (Principal Companion, forkortet PCNZM) og andre grad fremtredende følgesvenn (Distinguished Companion, forkortet DCNZM). I 2009 bestemte dronningen, etter initiativ fra statsminister John Key fra det konservative Nasjonale parti, å gjeninnføre adelstitlene. En gikk deretter tilbake til de opprinnelige gradsbetegnelsene. De 85 personer som ble utnevnt i årene 2000 til 2008 fikk anledning til å omdefinere sin grad til det nye system om de så ønsket og fikk derved også de medfølgende adelstitler.

Ordenstegnet for New Zealands fortjenstorden består av et kors med lett utbøyde armer. Korsformen ligner den som er benyttet i historiske maoriflagg. Midtmedaljongen bærer en versjon av New Zealands riksvåpen. Medaljongen er omgitt av en bord, som bærer innskrift med ordenens motto, «FOR MERIT • TOHU HIRANGA •» (for fortjenester på engelsk og å oppnå det fremragende på maorisk). Medaljongen er kronet. Ordenstegnet for medlemmer er i sølv, for offiserer i gull. De to laveste gradenes ordenstegn har ordenens motto i grønn emalje. Fargen skal vise til nefritt, som er høyt verdsatt som smykkesten hos maoriene. For følgesvenner er korset hvitemaljert og gullkantet og har en midtmedaljong med riksvåpenet i farget emalje og gull, blåemaljert bord og krone i farget emalje og gull. Ordensstjernen for de to høyeste gradene er i sølv eller gull og består av åtte bregneblader formet som en stjerne. Sølvbregnen er et newzealandsk nasjonalsymbol. Ordensstjernen har det emaljerte ordenstegnet i midten.

Ordenstegnene er opphengt i et okerrødt bånd, en farge som også går igjen i ordensbåndene for landets to andre ordener. Fargen har åndelig betydning for maoriene og er valgt på bakgrunn av dette.

Ordenskjedet bæres av ordensherren og ordenskansleren. Dette har ledd bestående av medaljonger med riksvåpenet og såkalte koru, stiliserte S-formede ledd som representerer sølvbregnens unge bladskudd. En versjon av ordenstegnet er opphengt i midtleddet, som består av New Zealands kronede riksvåpen.

Insigniene er designet av Philip O’Shea, dronningens herold for New Zealand.  

Utnevnelser til ordenen skjer i tre kategorier: Ordinært medlemskap, ekstraordinært medlemskap og æresmedlemskap. Borgere av land der ordensherren er monark kan utnevnes til ordinært medlemskap, mens borgere av andre land utnevnes som æresmedlemmer. Tildeling av New Zealands fortjenstorden kunngjøres i regelen to ganger årlig, ved nyttår og i anledning dronningens offisielle fødselsdag, som i New Zealand feires første mandag i juni. Generalguvernøren holder investitur i etterkant av dette. Ekstraordinære medlemmer kan utnevnes utenom de ordinære datoer, i forbindelse med viktige kongelige, nasjonale eller statlige markeringer.

Det er satt begrensninger på utnevnelser til hver grad. Det kan til enhver tid finnes kun 30 medlemmer av øverste grad, dame og ridder storfølgesvenn. For de øvrige grader er grader er det satt en årlig begrensning på 15 utnevnelser til dame og ridder følgesvenner, 40 følgesvenner, 80 offiserer og 100 medlemmer. Ekstraordinære medlemmer og æresmedlemmer kommer i tillegg.

Offentligheten inviteres til å komme med nominasjoner til utnevnelser til New Zealands fortjenstorden og til andre newzealandske ordener og utmerkelser. Nominasjoner fremmes til statsministerens kontor, der det er innrettet et sekretariat for æresbevisninger. Forslag behandles av en komité, der statsministeren er leder.

I alt 85 personer utnevnt til ordenens to øverste grader i årene 2000 til 2008 fikk i 2009 anledning til å omgjøre sin æresbevisning til det nye tittelsystemet. Av disse aksepterte 72 tilbudet. Av disse ble 48 riddere og 24 damer. Omgjørelsen av de tidligere ikke-betitlede til ordenens nye gradsbetegnelser med tilhørende adelstitler fant sted ved en seremoni ledet av generalguvernøren, der ridderne ble dubbet med sverd og damene mottok ordenskanslerens håndtrykk. De første ordinære adelsutnevnelser i det fornyede systemet med titler for de to øverste grader kom ved den såkalte dronninglisten for 2009, kunngjort 1. juni 2009.

I dronningens nyttårsliste for 2011 ble én person gjort til ridder storfølgesvenn, én til dame følgesvenn og fem til ridder følgesvenn. Alle disse utnevnelsene medfører adelskap. Til ordenens øvrige grader ble det foretatt 13 utnevnelser til følgesvenngraden, 26 til offisersgraden og 49 til medlemsgraden.

Краснозоренское сельское поселение

Россия Россия

Орловская область

Краснозоренский

Красная Заря

8 населённых пунктов

2 180 чел. 

   • процент от населения района — 39 03 %

17,55 чел/км²

124,20 км² 

   • процент от площади района — 19,11 %

Координаты административного центра
   Координаты:    

MSK+0 (UTC+3)

57

Краснозоренское се́льское поселе́ние — муниципальное образование в Краснозоренском районе Орловской области Российской Федерации.

Административный центр — посёлок Красная Заря.

Статус и границы сельского поселения установлены Законом Орловской области от 12 августа 2004 года № 417-ОЗ «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Краснозоренского района Орловской области».

Краснозоренское сельское поселение • Покровское сельское поселение • Россошенское сельское поселение • Труновское сельское поселение • Успенское сельское поселение

Hiwa Station

Hiwa Station (日羽駅 Hiwa-eki?) is a JR West Hakubi Line station. It is in a valley between two tunnels, and its access road goes directly beneath the station. The station is located in Hiwa, Sōja, Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

Hiwa Station has two platforms capable of handling two lines simultaneously. The platforms are connected via a foot path across the tracks. The station building is at the top of a very steep embankment (see photo).

Hiwa Station is located within a bend in the Takahashi River, which is across Japan National Route 180, about 500m southeast of Hiwa Station. There are thirteen Shinto shrines and four Buddhist temples within one kilometer of the station. The Hiwadani River, a tributary of the Takahashi River, flows out of the Hiwa Valley above the station, emptying into the Takahashi River near the station. The Okayama Sōja plant of Nikken Lease Kōgyō, one of Japan’s largest industrial and commercial equipment and supplies leasing companies, is visible from the station.

Coordinates:

Ferdinando Albertolli

Ferdinando Albertolli (11 November 1780 – 24 April 1844) was a Swiss-born Italian architect and a professor of design.

Born in Bedano near Lugano, Switzerland, Albertolli was educated at Milan’s Brera Academy where he was instructed by his uncle Giocondo Albertolli in engraving, design and architecture, receiving the first prize for design in 1806. In 1804, he taught at the high school in Verona until 1808 when he became professor of design at the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice. In 1812, he was appointed professor of design at the Brera Academy, a post he held for the remainder of his life.

Albertolli’s Palazzo Taverna in the Del Monte district of Milan was completed in 1835 in the late Neoclassical style. It is notable in that it is reminiscent of Milan’s Royal Villa and of country houses in general as the main body of the building is set back to form a courtyard overlooking the street. The entrance consists of an Ionic colonnade supporting a parapet. The two lateral sections have giant pilasters surmounted by triangular tympani.

Reo Coordination Language

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Reo is a domain-specific language for programming and analyzing coordination protocols that compose individual processes into full systems, broadly construed. Examples of classes of systems that can be composed with Reo include component-based systems, service-oriented systems, multithreading systems, biological systems, and cryptographic protocols. Reo has a graphical syntax in which every Reo program, called a connector or circuit, is a labeled directed hypergraph. Such a graph represents the data-flow among the processes in the system. Reo has formal semantics, which stand at the basis of its various formal verification techniques and compilation tools.

In Reo, a concurrent system consists of a set of components which are glued together by a circuit that enables flow of data between components. Components can perform I/O operations on the boundary nodes of the circuit to which they are connected. There are two kinds of I/O operations: put-requests dispatch data items to a node, and get-requests fetch data items from a node. All I/O operations are blocking, which means that a component can proceed only after its pending I/O operation has been successfully processed.

The figure on the top-right shows an example of a producers-consumer system with three components: two producers on the left and one consumer on the right. The circuit in the middle defines the protocol, which states that the producers should send data synchronously, while the consumer receives those data in alternating order.

Formally, the structure of a circuit is defined as follows:

Definition 1. A circuit is a triple





R


=


(


N


,


B


,


C


,


t


)




{\displaystyle R=(N,B,C,t)}


where:

such that






|



I






O



|



=


2




{\displaystyle |I\cup O|=2}


, for all





(


I


,


O


)






C




{\displaystyle (I,O)\in C}


. If





c


=


(


I


,


O


)






C




{\displaystyle c=(I,O)\in C}


is a channel, then I is called the set of input nodes of c and O is called the set of output nodes of c.

The dynamics of a circuit resemble the flow of signals through an electronic circuit.

Nodes have fixed merger-replicator behavior: the data of one of the incoming channels is propagated to all outgoing channels, without storing or altering the data (i.e., replicator behavior). If multiple incoming channels can provide data, the node makes a nondeterministic choice among them (i.e., merger behavior). Nodes with only incoming or outgoing channels are called sink nodes or source nodes, respectively; nodes with both incoming and outgoing channels are called mixed nodes.

In contrast to nodes, channels have user-defined behavior represented by their type. This means that channels may store or alter data items that flow through them. Although every channel connects exactly two nodes, these nodes need not to be input and output. For instance, the vertical channel in the figure on the top-right has two inputs and no outputs. The channel type defines the behavior of the channel with respect to data. Below is a list of common types:

One way to classify coordination languages is in terms of their locus: locus of coordination refers to where coordination activity takes place, classifying coordination models and languages as endogenous or exogenous. Endogenous models and languages, such as Linda, provide primitives that must be incorporated within a computation for its coordination. In applications that use such models, primitives that affect the coordination of each module are inside the module itself. In contrast, Reo is an exogenous language that provides primitives that support coordination of entities from without. In applications that use exogenous models, primitives that affect the coordination of each module are outside the module itself.

Endogenous models are sometimes more natural for a given application. However, they generally lead to an intermixing of coordination primitives with computation code, which entangles the semantics of computation with coordination protocols. This intermixing tends to scatter communication/coordination primitives throughout the source code, making the cooperation model and the coordination protocol of an application nebulous and implicit: generally, there is no piece of source code identifiable as the cooperation model or the coordination protocol of an application, that can be designed, developed, debugged, maintained, and reused, in isolation from the rest of the application code. On the other hand, exogenous models encourage development of coordination modules separately and independently of the computation modules they are supposed to coordinate. Consequently, the result of the substantial effort invested in the design and development of the coordination component of an application can manifest itself as tangible „pure coordinator modules“ which are easier to understand, and can also be reused in other applications.

Reo circuits are compositional. This means that one can construct complex circuits by reusing simpler circuits. To be more explicit, two circuits can be glued together on their boundary nodes to form a new joint circuit. Unlike many other models of concurrency (e.g., pi-calculus), synchrony is preserved under composition. This means that if we compose a circuit with synchronous flow between nodes A and B with another circuit with synchronous flow between nodes B and C, the joint circuit has synchronous flow between nodes A and C. In other words, the composition of two synchronous circuits yields a synchronous circuit.

The semantics of a Reo circuit is a formal description of its behavior. Various semantics for Reo exist.

Historically the first semantics of Reo was based on the coalgebraic notion of streams (i.e., infinite sequences). This semantics is based on the concept of a timed data stream, which is a pair consisting of a stream of data items and a stream of monotonically increasing time stamps (real numbers). By associating every node with such a timed data stream, the behavior of a channel can be modeled as a relation on the streams on the connected nodes.

Later, an automaton-based semantics was developed, which is called constraint automata. A constraint automaton is a labeled transition system, where transition labels consist of a synchronization constraint and a data constraint. A synchronization constraint specifies which nodes synchronize in the execution step modeled by the transition, and a data constraint specifies which data items flow on these nodes.

One limitation of constraint automata (and timed data streams) is that they cannot directly model context-sensitive behavior, where the behavior of a channel depends on the (un)availability of a pending I/O operation. For example, using constraint automata, it is impossible to directly model the behavior of a LossySync, which should lose data only if its output node has no pending get-request. To solve this problem, another semantics of Reo has been developed, called connector coloring.

Other semantics for Reo make it possible to model timed or probabilistic behavior.

The (ECT) are a set of plug-ins for Eclipse that constitute an integrated development environment (IDE) for Reo. The ECT consists of a graphical editor for drawing circuits and an animation engine for animating data-flow through circuits. For code generation, the ECT contains a Reo-to-Java compiler, which generates code for circuits based on their constraint automaton semantics. In particular, on input of a Reo circuit, it produces a Java class, which simulates the constraint automaton that models the circuit. For verification, the ECT contains a tool that translates Reo circuits to process definitions in mCRL2. Users can subsequently use mCRL2 for model checking against mu-calculus property specifications. (Alternatively, the Vereofy model checker also supports verification of Reo circuits.)

Another implementation of Reo is developed in the Scala programming language and executes circuits in a distributed fashion.

ISKCON temple Mumbai

ISKCON temple, Mumbai officially known as Sri Sri Radha Rasabihari ji Temple is a temple in Juhu area in Mumbai in India. It is set upon four acres of land and a stone throw away from Juhu Beach. A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the founder-acharya of ISKCON (also known as the Hare Krishna Movement) inspired the construction of one of India’s most beautiful temple of Lord Krishna in Mumbai. The presiding Deities at the temple, Sri Sri Gaura-Nitai, Sri Sri Radha Rasabihari and Sri Sri Sita Rama Laxman Hanuman were personally installed by the founder of ISKCON. The temple is visited by thousands of people and devotees during festive occasions.

In the early 1970s, Srila Prabhupada acquired the Juhu property and promised Sri Sri Radha Rasabihari Deities who were then housed in small shack. The temple complex opened in 1978 and includes a spacious marble temple, an auditorium, restaurant and a twin towered seven-storey guest house where visitors can stay and participate in the daily spiritual programs of the temple. ISKCON is regular destination of visit for many eminent celebrities. Many Indian and International movies have shown the Hare Krishna culture.

ISKCON Juhu is also a hub of research and education starting from its scientific research to school education (Bhaktivedanta Swami Mission School) with I.C.S.E curriculum. It also holds daily discourses on various Vedic scriptures along with many regular seminar and courses. The ‘Heaven on Earth’ complex houses a spacious library which not only has an extensive collection of spiritual books but also a multi media section. One can watch ISKCON’s many international videos and relish hundreds of lectures, kirtans and bhajans. Membership is free and all are welcome to avail of the excellent facilities. The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust (BBT) is the world’s largest publisher of books concerning Krishna and the philosophy, religion, and culture of the Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition of India. Bhakti Kala Kshetra is the cultural wing, consisting an auditorium, is a center for many cultural festival starring Ravi Shankar, Jagjit Singh, Protima Bedi, Vyajayantimala, Hema Malini, Anup Jalota and many others.

Musée Louwman

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Pays-Bas

Le musée Louwman (Louwman Museum) est un musée d’automobiles anciennes, de voitures hippomobiles, de motocyclettes et d’automobilia situé à La Haye aux Pays-Bas à proximité du palais royal de Huis ten Bosch. Les anciens noms du musée furent „Musée Nationale de l’Automobile“ et „Collection Louwman“.

La collection de plus de deux cents automobiles a été assemblée depuis 1934 par deux générations de la famille Louwman. C’est la plus ancienne collection privée d’automobiles au monde ouverte au public. La collection fut commencée en 1934 par l’achat d’une Dodge qui avait à l’époque 20 ans par l’importateur de Dodge Pieter Louwman, le père du propriétaire actuel. En 1969, la collection de Geerlig Riemer fut ajoutée à l’ensemble. Riemer était aussi le fondateur de l‘Instituut voor Autobranche en Management (IVA) – Institut pour l’Automobile et la Gestion – à Driebergen. Le bâtiment qui était utilisé pour abriter la collection Riemer a depuis été converti pour être utilisé comme centre d’application de l’IVA.

Le propriétaire actuel de la collection est Evert Louwman, l’importateur néerlandais de Lexus, Toyota et Suzuki. En 1969, la collection fut déménagée à Leidschendam où était situé le Musée National de l’Automobile nouvellement ouvert. En 1981 la collection est à nouveau transférée vers un nouvel emplacement situé sur un terrain de l’importateur Louwman & Parqui à Raamsdonksveer. Le 18 avril 2003, le nom „Collection Louwman“ a été adopté.

Le 3 juillet 2010 le musée actuel, nommé Musée Louwman, est inauguré à La Haye par la Reine Beatrix des Pays-Bas.

Le musée Louwman est abrité dans un bâtiment de trois étages avec plus de 10 000 m2 d’espace d’exposition, sur la Leidsestraatweg à La Haye. Ce bâtiment a été spécifiquement conçu pour le musée par un architecte américain, Michael Graves. L’architecte paysagiste Lodewijk Baljon a conçu les aménagement du parc qui entoure le bâtiment. Un parking souterrain sous le bâtiment accueille les véhicules des visiteurs.

La grande galerie qui se trouve à l’entrée du musée est moderne, centrée davantage sur l’architecture que sur les voitures. Elle est caractérisée par une spectaculaire charpente en bois et peut accueillir 1 000 personnes. Le rez-de-chaussée accueille aussi la reconstitution d’une place de village, avec ses boutiques et son garage, ainsi qu’un théâtre de 300 places.

La collection est très internationale et comprend plus de 230 automobiles. Pour la période qui va jusqu’à 1910, le musée détient la plus grande collection de voitures au monde. Parmi ces ancêtres figure la Darracq du film britannique de 1953 Geneviève. En ce qui concerne les Pays-Bas, le musée expose une collection de voitures de la marque Spyker ainsi que la seule voiture survivante connue de la marque Eysink à Amersfoort.

Le musée a aussi acquis le seul exemplaire authentique connu d’une Toyota AA, la première voiture de série du constructeur japonais. Elle est montrée dans l’état où elle a été découverte, en Russie.

Pour la période qui suit la Seconde Guerre mondiale, le musée détient une voiture ayant appartenu à Winston Churchill, une Aston Martin DB5 utilisée dans le film de James Bond Goldfinger, une Cadillac d’Elvis Presley, et un prototype de Daf 600 de 1957.

Les collections sont regroupées de façon thématique. Les automobiles des origines à 1914 sont installées au second étage tandis que les voitures de sport, notamment d’endurance sont installées au premier étage. Une salle Bugatti regroupe les voitures de cette marque au rez-de-chaussée ainsi que quelques bronzes de Rembrandt Bugatti.

Les collections d’affiches, de peintures et de lithographies automobiles sont regroupées au premier étage. Quelques salles sont consacrées à l’illustrateur britannique Frederick Gordon Crosby.

L’ancien musée à Raamsdonksveer

Grande galerie du Musée Louwman

Bugatti Type 50

Deux des Cords du Musée

Spyker 60 H.P. de 1903

Toyota AA

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

Otology

Otology is a branch of medicine which studies normal and pathological anatomy and physiology of the ear (hearing and vestibular sensory systems and related structures and functions) as well as their diseases, diagnosis and treatment. Otologic surgery generally refers to surgery of the middle ear and mastoid related to chronic otitis media, such as tympanoplasty, or ear drum surgery, ossiculoplasty, or surgery of the hearing bones, and mastoidectomy. Otology also includes surgical treatment of conductive hearing loss, such as stapedectomy surgery for otosclerosis. Neurotology, a related field of medicine and subspecialty of Otolaryngology, is the study of diseases of the inner ear, which can lead to hearing and balance disorders. Neurotologic surgery generally refers to surgery of the inner ear or surgery that involves entering the inner ear with risk to the hearing and balance organs, including labyrinthectomy, cochlear implant surgery, and surgery for tumors of the temporal bone, such as intracanlicular acoustic neuromas. Neurotology is expanded to include surgery of the lateral skull base to treat intracranial tumors related to the ear and surrounding nerve and vascular structures, such as large cerebellar pontine angle acoustic neuromas, glomus jugulare tumors and facial nerve tumors.

Some of the concerns of otology include:

Related concerns of neurotology include:

Sosiálademokratiija

Sosiálademokratiija lea ideologalaš suorgi gullevaš sosialisttalaš árbevirrui, muhto ii leat šat odne oktiisoahppevaš Karl Marx jurdagiiguin revolušuvnna ja proletariáhta diktatuvrra birra. Sosiálademokratiija dohkkeha parlamentarismmalaš njuolggadusaid ja bargá demokratiseret servodaga mearrádusproseassaid ja sosiála reforpmaid.

Guovddážis sosiálademokratiija servodatmodeallas lea seaguhanekonomiija, sosiála dásseárvu ja aktiivvalaš bálvalusstáhta. Sosiálademokráhtalaš bellodagat leat gievrrat skandináva riikkain, ja dát bellodagat sihke ovttasbarget priváhta kapitálaberošteddjiiguin seammás go stuorrát vuoruhit sosiála bálvalusortnegiid ja almmolaš sektovrra.

Historjjálaččat lea doabá sisdoallu rievddadan. Ovdalaš áigge lei doahpagis mihá viidát sisdoallu go odne, go maiddái kommunisttat gohčoduvvo sosiálademokráhttan. Lenin gohčodii iežas sosiálademokráhttan ovdal vuosttaš máilmmi soađi. Marx ja Engels eaba háliidan geavahit doahpaga, go soai eaba oaivvildan dan heivvolažžan lihkadussii mas mihttuin lei klássafriddja servodat. Soai oaivvildeigga ahte demokratiija lei juogalágan diktatuvra mii eaktudii servodatklássaid. Engels mieđihii ja dohkkehii eallilan jagiin goitge doahpaga danin go dálá áiggi sosiálademokráhtalaš lihkadus lei kommunisttalaš.